World Obesity Day 2024: Understanding Obesity And Its Adverse Effects On Heart Health

World Obesity Day 2024: Obesity is a complex medical condition that can increase an individual’s risk of developing several health conditions.

Understanding obesity and its dangers

According to WHO, a body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese.

Obesity is a complex medical condition that can increase an individual’s risk of developing several health conditions. It is a common risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, liver disease, sleep apnea, hypertension, bad cholesterol levels, reproductive issues, poor bone health and even cancer.

Obesity and heart health

Obesity can also affect the heart in many ways. Dr. Vivek Bindal, Director & Head, Bariatric & Robotic Surgery at Max Hospital explains the impact of obesity on one’s heart.

“Obesity poses a substantial threat to heart health, significantly increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The excess body weight associated with obesity triggers multiple adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. A primary concern is the development of atherosclerosis, where fatty deposits accumulate in the arteries, restricting blood flow to the heart and elevating the chances of heart attacks and strokes,” he explains.

What should be done?

“Addressing obesity through weight loss is a crucial step in mitigating these risks. Weight loss is particularly effective in managing associated conditions such as hypertension and type-2 diabetes, both of which amplify the cardiovascular risk posed by obesity,” he adds.

It is wise to adopt a holistic approach for sustainable weight loss. A combination of healthy dietary choices with regular physical activity can help maintain a healthy weight. Balanced nutrition not only aids in weight reduction but also supports overall cardiovascular health. Similarly, regular exercise helps strengthen heart muscles along with weight loss.

It is also crucial to focus on good nutrition with a well-balanced, wholesome diet. WHO mentions that reducing the number of calories consumed from fats and sugars and increasing the portion of daily intake of fruit, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts can help prevent obesity.

(Dr. Vivek Bindal, Director & Head- Max Institute of Minimal Access, Bariatric & Robotic Surgery, Max Hospital, Vaishali)

Source :

Dr. Vivek Bindal

Dr. Vivek Bindal Director & Head -Institute of Minimal Access, Bariatric, and Robotic Surgery